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Heat Values Of Wood Species & Bark Types
Many experts agree that regardless of species, wood fuels
have average higher heating values around 8,500 Btu/ovendry lb.

Data Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory
General Technical Report FPL 29, 1979
U.S. Government Printing Office   1979-650-028/20
Full Report is archived here


WOOD BTU/pound
Ovendried
Bigleaf maple 8,410
Black cottonwood 8,800
Cypress 10,660
Douglas-fir 9,200
Hickory 9,360
Lodgepole pine 8,600
Oregon ash 8,200
Oregon white oak 8,110
Pitch pine 12,230
Ponderosa pine 9,140
Poplar 9,630
Red alder 8,000
Red oak 9,360
Redwood 9,210
Sitka spruce 8,100
Western hemlock 8,620
Western red cedar 9,700
White ash 9,630
White birch 9,340
White cedar 9,070
White fir 8,300
White oak 9,510
White pine 9,610
Yellow pine 10,380
BARK TYPE BTU/pound
Ovendried
American beech 7,993
American elm Ulmus americana 7,385
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis 7,877
Balsam fir 9,339
Balsam fir Abies balsamea 9,437
Balsam (all varieties) 9,100
Beech 7,640
Black cottonwood 9,000
Black gum Nyssa sylvatica 8,412
Black oak 8,340
Black spruce 9,143
Black spruce Picea mariana 8,782
Black tupelo 8,102
Black willow 8,137
Black willow Salix nigra 7,648
Douglas-fir 10,100
Eastern cottonwood 8,422
Eastern hemlock 9,517
Eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis 9,348
Eastern white pine 9,647
Elm (soft) 7,600
Engelmann spruce 8,830
Engelmann spruce Picea engelmannii 8,820
Green ash 8,367
Jack pine 9,393
Jack pine Pinus banksiana 9,339
Loblolly pine 9,320
Loblolly pine Pinus taeda 9,400
Lodgepole pine 9,382
Lodgepole pine Pinus contorta 10,760
Longleaf pine 9,290
Longleaf pine Pinus palustris 9,130
Northern black cottonwood 8,765
Northern red oak 8,896
Northern red oak Quercus rubra 8,383
Northern white oak 7,536
Northern white oak Quercus alba 7,450
Paper birch Betula papyrifera 9,887
Pin oak 8,883
Ponderosa pine 9,616
Poplar 8,810
Post oak 6,773
Quaking aspen 8,712
Quaking aspen Populus tremuloides 8,897
Red alder 8,760
Red alder Alnus rubra 8,410
Red maple 8,293
Red pine 9,070
Red spruce 8,630
Shagbark hickory 8,423
Shortleaf pine 9,319
Shortleaf pine Pinus echinata 9,550
Silver maple 8,360
Slash pine 9,327
Slash pine 9,380
Southern red oak 8,371
Spruce pine Pinus glabra 8,705
Sugar maple 8,426
Sugar maple Acer saccharum 7,739
Sweetgum 7,650
Sweetgum Liquidamber styraciflua 7,912
Sycamore 7,978
Tamarack 9,010
Virginia pine 9,170
Western hemlock 9,800
Western larch 8,825
Western larch Larix occidentalis 8,750
Western redcedar 8,700
White ash 8,453
White birch 10,332
White spruce 8,913
Yellow birch 9,200
Yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis 9,548
Yellow-poplar 8,956

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